America’s favorite sport has been hitting home runs since before the American Revolution. Dating back to the mid-1700s when the game of cricket was popular. Cricket was played in schoolyard and playgrounds all over the United States.
The New York Knickerbockers were formed in 1945 by Alexander Cartwright. It was known as a club and became the first baseball team to play under a set of rules. From 1871 through 1875 there were 16 clubs formed through the National Association of Baseball Players (NABBP) this was the first organization to manage a sport and establish a championship game. This was organized to separate advance players from the amateur players. Teams included were the Boston Red Stockings, Chicago White Stockings (known today as Chicago Cubs)
The separation of players wasn’t only about their ability to play the sport, but also about their ethnic background. In 1885 the National Colored Base Ball League was formed. It was only considered of minor league teams with African-American players. The organization failed after low attendance at the games. In 1947, Jackie Robinson was the first African-American player to be accepted into the major leagues by the Brooklyn Dodgers. By 1951, the Negro League had its last season. The Indianapolis Clowns operated as a comical sideshow from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s.
The World Series is equivalent to the Super Bowl of baseball. The first World Series where a team from the American Leagues plays against a team from the National League and one team has to win three out of five games is awarded the World Series trophy. today it’s four out of seven games) The first World Series was played in 1903 in Boston, Massachusetts with Boston Americans and Pittsburgh Pirates as the first teams to play for the championship title. The Boston Americans beat the Pirates by a score of five to three.
Born George Herman Ruth Jr., earned the nickname Babe Ruth. In 1918 Ruth played baseball for the Bethlehem Steel Corp during World War I. At that time players were given a choice to work or fight in the war. Most players chose to work and earn a weekly paycheck plus $200 per game. He began his baseball career as a Minor League Pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles. He became the most outstanding pitcher who could hit long home runs. He was soon bought by the Boston Red Sox for five seasons and then moved onto the New York Yankees from 1920-1934 and ended his career with the Boston Braves in 1935. Babe Ruth was inducted into the Hall of Fame of Baseball in 1936.
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